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Teaching Vocabulary Methods
The approaches you choose mostly depend on who are the beginners and what teaching aims you set:
1. Use of Realia
It may be done by bringing real objects to classroom such as postcard with book, pen, schoolbag, vegetables and everything that is worth to be brought to the classroom.
This is incredibly efficient for the reason that it facilitates the process of learning for children. You can teach them animals merely throughout showing them pictures of animals.
Though challenging sometimes is in reality a good technique particularly when it comes to abstract words such as happiness or lucky or to go on a trip. Use the words in a real environment or context. Do not forget to help them find helpful strategies to memorize the words. Give them some appropriate exercises according to their capability of consolidating what they learn. At the same time, try to motivate them and stimulate their interest.
4. Mime and Pantomime
It may be done with the help of gestures and facial expressions and also through actions.
If your beginners are kindergarten children, try to teach them throughout playing. Use numerous educational games popular today with children. Try to make your lesson lively and interesting with the help of showing the children some pictures, telling them easy and interesting stories, and so on.
6. Start with Irregular Verbs
Make your students memorise much needed words, starting with irregular verbs then nouns, adjectives and so on. Everyday learnt with them 3 to 5 words. When they had memorized enough words made a test. Remind and test them at every chance.
7. Last Pages
Suggest that they use the last pages of their notebooks to create their own glossary, using just the words that are interesting for them or the ones that they actually want to include in their everyday vocabulary. It gives them autonomy to choose and to be more active in the process of learning.
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